U4, History of architecture 2

Byzantine

(6th Century)
  • Religious constructions
  • Emphasis on the interior
  • Magnum palatio
  • Stone is wildly used
  • Hagia Sophia and militar architecture

Pre-romanesque

  • Lombards (6-8th Century) – Romanized and converted to Christianity, with almost no previous architectural tradition due to their nomadic character, had great training in goldsmithing
  • Visigoths (7-8th Century) – Ecclesiastical architecture influenced by Roman basilicas and the Aegean and Syrian areas
  • Caroligian (9th Century) – Desire to emulate Roman Empire (renovatio), construction of monasteries and other monumental buildings and introduction of Westwerk
  • Saxons (Otontians) (9-10th Century) – they collected Caroligian reminiscences, religious buildings and anticipation of Romanesque solutions

Islamic

(8-15th Century)
  • Towers and water
  • Mosques and baths
  • Lights, color and geometrical patterns
  • Ceramic and plaster are used

Romanesque

(10-12th Century)
  • Normans
  • Fortified and Christian architecture
  • Semicircular arches and Roman vaults
  • Thick walls

Gothic

(S. XII-XV)
  • Art of the barbarians
  • Burgos florish
  • Reinforced roman vault with diagonal ribs
  • Invention of the ogival arch
  • Cathedrals and civil buildings

Renaissance

(15-16th Century)
  • Crisis of The Church
  • Urban culture emerges
  • Humanistic optimistic philosophies
  • Recovery of Romanity
  • Brunelleschi, Alberti, Palladio, Michelangelo

Baroque

(17-18th Century)
  • Glorification of Church power
  • Spatial liberation
  • Fantasy, asymmetry, manipulation of light and color
  • The idea of the focal point in urbanism is born
  • Rococo
  • Bernini and Borronini

Neoclassic

(18-19th Century)

  • Several aesthetics
  • Enlightenment
  • Structural truth
  • Architectural revolution

19th Century

  • Industrialization
  • Demographic growth
  • Polytechnic shools are founded
  • Historicism and Eclecticism
  • Realistic art

20th Century

  • Art Noveau
  • Modernism
  • Liberty
  • Jugendstyl
  • Avant-garde